初三年级英语句子 考点集会和讲解(七)

来源: 佚名 2011-11-11

中小学英语学习必备APP

         初三年级英语句子 考点集会和讲解(七)

  . 由what, how引导的感叹句的构成形式、用法及区别

    感叹句是表示喜、怒、哀、乐以及惊异等感情的句子。句末用感叹号"!",读时用降调,感叹句往往由what或how引导,what修饰名词,how修饰形容词,副词或动词。

  1. what引导的感叹句:

   (1)what + a/an +形容词+单数可数名词+陈述句(主语+谓语)

     What a beautiful city it is!

     What an interesting story she told!

   (2)what+形容词+复数可数名词/不可数名词+陈述句(主语+谓语)

     What expensive watches they are!

     What terrible weather it is!

  2.How引导的感叹句:

   (1)How+形容词/副词+陈述句(主语+谓语)

     How cold it is!

        How hard he works!

   (2)How+陈述句(主语+谓语)

     How he loves his son!   

  How I miss you!

   (3)How+形容词+a/an+单数可数名词+陈述句(主语+谓语)

     How tall a tree it is!

  (4)上述两种感叹句可以互相转换。例如:

  What a clever boy he is!→How clever the boy is!

  What a cold day it is!→How cold it is!

  

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