英语专业考研模拟题-改错

来源: 佚名 2012-08-18

中小学英语学习必备APP

  模拟试题一

  Democracy is not a new conception. The ancient Athenians (1)______

  had a democratic system. Their democracy was the same as

  American democracy in many ways. Furthermore, there are (2)______

  several important differences between their democracy and ours.

  The ancient Athenian citizens voted for

  their representatives, and they also voted for certain issues. (3)______

  Moreover, any qualified citizen could become public official. The (4)______

  ancient Athenian democratic government also protected the

  citizens’ right private property, encouraging private business and (5)______

  supported public education.

  A similar system of representative government exists in the

  United States. United States citizens vote for their

  representatives, they can impeach representatives, too. (6)______

  American citizens also vote on certain important matters. In the

  United States, like in ancient Athens, any qualified citizen can (7)______

  become a public official. The government of this country also

  protects private property, encourages private business enterprise.

  and supports public education.

  The major difference between these two forms of

  democracy is the definition of citizen. In ancient Athens a

  citizen was a free man, not a woman and a slave. Women and (8)______

  slaves were largest part of the population; thus, the Athenian (9)______

  democracy was not broadly representative. In the United States,

  however, all American men and women, of all races and

  religions, are citizens. Slavery is legal in this country. (10)______

  Therefore, American democracy is more broadly representative.

  In brief, democracy is an old and varied concept. In the

  Past it meant different things to many different people.

  答案详解

  1.conception—concept conception表示“构思;想出的意念或计划”,而concept表示相对于实体的“概念”,该句意为“民主不是一个新的概念”。

  2.furthermore—nevertheless/however 上一句说的是古代雅典的民主和美国的民主在许多方面是相同的,而这一句讲的是它们之间存在着几处重要的不同,相对于前面的内容,属于转折关系,而非递进关系,故应该将furthermore改为nevertheless。

  3.for—on 就某事进行投票应该用“vote on sth.”,投票支持某人才用“vote for sb.”。

  4.^public-a official 作“官员”讲时是可数名词,故单数时应添加不定冠词。

  5.encouraging-encouraged 这里encouraged和前面protected以及后面的supported属于并列结构,所以要一致。

  6.^they—and 这里漏掉了并列连词and。

  7.1ike—as like like表“像……一样”时后一般接名词性成分,而as可以接介词短语。

  8.and—or或and ^a—not 这里要表达的“既不是一个妇女,也不是一个奴隶”为否定成分并列,所以有这两种改法。

  9.^largest-the 形容词最高级前应加定冠词the。

  10.1egal-illegal 根据上下文,这里应用反义词表示“非法的”。

相关文章推荐

相关帖子推荐