2012年10月13日托福写作机经

来源: 佚名 2012-11-13

中小学英语学习必备APP

  写作部分:

  Integrated Essay:

  Topic:Why Angkor Declined.

  Reading material: The city Angkor was invaded because of its economic prosperity. And invasion is a factor for its decline. Second, Buddhism replaced “God-kings”. Because of the religious reason, people eventually abandoned the city. Third, there was a serious drought before 1500. This contributes to the decline of the city.

  Listening material counter refutes the statement: First, the first thing after invasion is not to drive everybody out, but keep its population and prosperity. Second, many religious beliefs co-existed in that period,。Therefore, Buddhism is not to be blamed for its decline. Third, around 1200, there was an even more severe drought in the place. And people survived it. So it was not the smaller drought before 1500 that caused the decline.

  阅读材料:由于Angkor这座城市的经济繁荣导致其被入侵。入侵是它衰败的原因之一。其次,佛教取代了传统教派。由于宗教信仰的因素,人们离开了这座城市。第三,1500年之前,该地经历了一场旱灾导致了它的衰落。

  听力材料反驳阅读的观点:首先,入侵后首先要做的不是把居民全部赶走,而是保留人口、保持经济繁荣。其次,当时,很多宗教信仰共存。因此, 佛教的兴起并非衰落的原因。第三, 1200年左右,当地经历了一场更为严峻的旱灾。当时人们都挺了过来,所以1500年的那场小旱灾不足以导致该城的衰败。

  Independent Essay: Do you agree or disagree with the statement: Nowadays,it's much easier to succeed without assistance from one's family than it was in the past. 现在比以前更容易不靠家庭帮助成功。

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