专四考前恶补:语法词汇(20)

来源: 佚名 2013-03-08

  1.The new colleague__1__to have worked in several big corporations before he joined our company.

  A. confesses B. declares C claims D. confirms??

  2.During the reading lesson, the teacher asked students to read a few__2__from the novel.

  A. pieces B. essays C fragments D. extracts

  3.During the summer holiday season it is difficult to find a(n)__3__room in the hotels here.

  A. empty B. vacant C.free D. deserted?

  4.The old couple will never__4__the loss of their son.

  A. get over B. get away C get off D. get across??

  5. The __5__of AIDS has led to an expansion in research seeking a cure.?

  A. innovation B. selection C. proliferation D. conviction

  答案:

  1. 答案:C?

  【参考译文】那位新同事声称他在进入我们公司之前在好几家大公司工作过。

  【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。?

  【详细解答】confess意为“承认”;declare意为“宣布”;claim意为“宣称,声称”;confirm意为“确认,证实”。根据句意,选项C为正确答案。?

  2. 答案:D?

  【参考译文】在阅读课上,老师要求学生读小说的摘录。?

  【试题分析】本题为名词词义辨析题。?

  【详细解答】piece指“张,件”;essays指“论文”;fragments指“碎片,片断”; extracts指“摘录,选录”。根据句意,选项D为正确答案。?

  3. 答案:B?

  【参考译文】在暑假期间,旅馆里面是很难找到一间空房子的。?

  【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。?

  【详细解答】empty指“空的”,强调房间里无物体;vacant意为“空着的,无人住的”;free指“免费的;空闲的”;deserted指“荒废的,(因被弃)无人住的”。根据句意,选项B为正确答案。?

  4. 答案:A?

  【参考译文】这一对老夫妇永远不能从失去儿子的痛苦中恢复过来。

  【试题分析】本题为动词短语词义辨析题。?

  【详细解答】get over意为“痊愈,恢复”,指恢复健康、快乐等;get away意为“逃走”,常与from连用;get off意为“(使)不受惩罚,开脱”,常与with连用;get across意为“使人了解,使人明白”。根据句意,选项A为正确答案。?

  5.答案: C

  【句意】 爱滋病的扩散使得人们做更多的研究工作去寻找治疗的方法。?

  【难点】 proliferation意为“激增;扩散”;innovation意为“革新,创新”;selection意为“选择;选拔”;conviction意为“定罪,判罪”。

  1. If your car__ any attention during the first 12 months, take it to an authorized dealer.

  A shall need B should need C would need D will need

  2. His strong sense of humor was__ make everyone in the room burst out laughing.

  A so as to B such as to C so that D such thta

  3. The discovery of new oil-fields in various parts of the country filled the government with __ hope.

  A eternal B infinite C ceaseless D everlasting

  4. It was as a physician that he represented himself, and__ he was warmly received.

  A as such B such as C as that D so that

  5. In international matches, prestige is so important that the only thing that matters is to avoid__.

  A from being taken B being taken C beating D to be beaten

  答案:

  1-5 BBBAB

  1. 选B. should 用在条件句中,可表虚拟语气,意为“万一”,强调该条件不大可能

  2. 选B such as to 后跟不定式,引出结果状语,作“如此……以至……”The problem is such as to interest only a few people.

  3. 选B。infinite无限的,无穷的,无际的,巨大的,无数的;反义词是finite .We must accept finite disappointment, but we must never lose infinite hope. ^6^振奋人心的一句话呢

  4. 选A。 as such 象这样的人或物,作为这样的人或物,以……资格或身分 He considered this matter as unimportant and treated it as such.

  5. 选B。avoid后必须跟动名词作宾语。 He is wearing dark glasses to avoid being recognized.

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