高中英语听力满分技巧

来源: 佚名 2014-03-11

  1 预测技巧

  1).对话预测

  在听取对话,尤其是Part A——Short Conversation时,考生可以按照下例wh-问题进行预测:

  (1)Who are the two speakers?

  (2)What is the possible lationship between them?

  (3)When did they have the conversation?

  (4)Where did the conversation take place?

  (5)Why do they have the conversation?

  (6)What did they plan to do?

  2).语篇预测

  在Part B,Longer Conversation的听力过程中,考生按下列问题展开预测:

  (1)What is the topic of the passage?

  (2)Who is the speaker?

  (3)What facts did the speaker offer?

  (4)What facts did the speaker fail to offer?

  3).依靠开篇句预测

  英语听力的第一句话通常会透露整篇的主题,所以考生要善于抓住听力材料的首句信息。

  例如:Americans have a popular saying“Time is money。”

  从这一句开篇句我们可以预测的信息范围:

  (1)这是一篇关于时间的话题。

  (2)涉及的对象是美国人。

  4).根据打印在试卷上的听力试题内容预测。

  例如:

  (A)Husband and wife.

  (B)Waiter and customer.

  (C)Student and teacher

  (D)Receptionist and guest

  根据听力试题,考生可以预测到该对话肯定是侧重于对话人的身份,所以在听力过程中抓住透露双方关系的关键词即可。

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  2 识别关键词的技巧

  1).透露说话人身份的关键词

  如果考生可以通过关键词很快判断对话者的关系和身份,将有助于考生有目的地集中注意力,并在脑海中搜索相关背景知识,进一步加深对听力材料的理解。

  例如:I just can’t believe you are a police officer,Kay. I remember in high school, you always wanted to be a lawyer.

  如果考生意识到该对话中的关键词为in high school,那么他马上可以意识到这是两个老同学之间的对话。

  又例如:Good morning, ladies and gentlemen . Welcome to Universal Studio. I’d like to guide you all the way in the amazing park and share the wonderful moments with you.

  这段话的关键词是guide, park,从中考生可以推断说话人是导游。

  以下是常见的对话者关系:

  husband——wife

  teacher——student

  boss——employee

  waiter——customer

  doctor——patient

  parents——kid

  classmates roommates

  shop assistant——customer

  2).透露地点/场合的关键词

 

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