科学、科技与社会(Science, Technology, and Society)

来源: 浣氬悕 2014-09-01

中小学英语学习必备APP

  Founded in 1976, the Program in Science, Technology, and Society attempts to increase human understanding of the human-built world. Science and technology are no longer specialized enterprises confined to factories and laboratories: they have become intertwined with each other and with human society. The fundamental contribution of STS is to look at the human-built world as an integrated whole. Two basic, interrelated questions are addressed by faculty and students in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society:

  How did science and technology evolve as human activities?How do they relate to the larger civilization?The STS perspective has become of critical importance in understanding a host of public issues such as privacy, democracy, environment, medicine, education, and national and global security.

  Beginning in 1988, the STS Program, in collaboration with the History Faculty and Anthropology Program, created a doctoral program in the History and Social Study of Science and Technology . While many HSSST graduates teach at universities, others bring an STS perspective to law, business, journalism, and museum work. An undergraduate program in STS has existed since 1980. It typically attracts students with broad interests who seek an interdisciplinary approach to education and who want to learn how scientists and engineers influence the world. Students may concentrate, minor, joint major or double major in STS.

  科技与社会的课程创建于 1976,旨在增进人类对于自己所打造的世界能有更深一层的了解。科学的理论与技术将不再仅止于工厂与实验室里的一种专门事业:它们彼此间、和社会间已经变得密不可分。STS 最重要的贡献就是希望将人类所打造的世界为一个整合体。科技与社会的课程在科系与学生之间最被着重的两个基本,且相互关联的问题乃是:

  将科学的理论与技术视为一种人类活动的话,它们是如何演变?它们与整体文明的社会活动间关系又是如何?STS 的观点在针对诸如政策,民主,环境研究,医疗,教育,和国家与全球的安全等等议题的了解过程中变得极为重要。

  1988 年开始,STS 课程与历史学师资和人类学课程合作建立了一套有系统的科技与社会历史、社会学博士学位课程 。有许多的HSSST毕业生在大学任教,但亦有其它的毕业生将 STS 的观点带入法律,商业,新闻与博物馆工作的研究。而在大学部的 STS 课程从1980 年起始。它所吸引的学生通常希望以跨领域的方式来研究教育或想了解科学家与工程师如何影响世界。大学课程学生可以选择的修课方法有:集中选修(Concentration) - 修习三门STS课程,其中至少一门核心课程;副修(Minor) - 修习四门STS课程;改良式双修(Joint Major)- -修习十门STS课程,毕业生可得 人文与科学 或 人文与工程 一个学士学位;双主修(Double Major) - 修习十四项科目,毕业生可获得 科学 与 人文 或 工程 与 人文 两个学士学位。)


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