2014年职称英语卫生类阅读理解新增文章(5)

来源: 佚名 2014-12-12

  第七篇 Nurse! I Want My Mummy

  When a child: is ill in hospital, a parent's first reaction is to be 1 them.

  Most hospitals now, allow parents to sleep 2 with child, providing a bed or sofa on the ward.

  But until the 1970s this 3 was not only frowned upon --- it was actively discouraged1.

  Staff worried that the children were upset when their parents 4 ,10 and so there was a blanket ban.

  A concerned nurse, Pamela Hawthorn, disagreed and her study Nurse! want my mummy, published in 1974, 5 the face of paediatric nursing.

  Professor Martin Johnson, professor of nursing at the University of Salford,said that the work of 6 like Pamela had changed the face of patient care.

  Pamela's study was done against the 7 of a lively debate in paediatrics and psychology as to the degree women should spend with children in the outside world and the degree to which they should be allowed to visit children in 8 .

  The idea was that if mum came to 9 a small in hospital the child would be upset and inconsolable for hours.

  Yet the nurse noticed that if mum did not come at 10 the child stayed in a relatively stable state but they might be depressed.

  Of course we know now that they had most given 11 hope that mum was ever coming back.

  To avoid a little bit of pain they said that no one should visitBut children were alone and 12 , so Hawthorn said parents should be allowed to visit.

  Dr Peter Carter, chief executive and general secretary of the Royal College of Nursing, said her 13 had been seminal.

  Her research put an end to the 14 when parents handed their children over to strangers at the door of the hospital ward.

  As a result of her work, parents and carets are now recognized as partners in care and are 15 the opportunity to stay with, their children while they are in hospital, which has dramatically improved both parents' and children's experience of care.

  词汇

  frown v. 皱眉 inconsolable adj. 无法安慰的

  blanket adj. 通用的seminal adj.开创性的

  paediatric adj. 儿科的

  注释

  1. But until the 1970s this practice was not only frowned upon - it was

  actively discouraged: 但在二十世纪七十年代之前,这一做法不仅遭至不满,而且还被积极阻止。

  练习

  1. A for B with C upon D against

  2. A occasionally B soundly C overnight D overtime

  3. A practice B exercise C thought D request

  4. A stayed B cried C appeared D left

  5. A lost B changed C studied D made

  6. A professors B doctors C nurses D parents

  7. A background B history C fact D reality

  8. A school B hospital C family D world

  9. A take B control C persuade D visit

  10.A once B will C all D large

  11. A up B off C down D away

  12. A relaxed B pleased C depressed D stable

  13. A work B dream C issue D doubt

  14. A hours B days C weeks D months

  15. A refused B created C lent D afforded

  答案与题解

  1. B 孩子住院了,父母的第一反应肯定是要和孩子在一起。to be with somebody 表示“和谁在一起”。

  2. C 给父母在病房里提供床或沙发,是让他们和孩子一起过夜。

  3. A 此处应指允许父母在医院里陪孩子这种做法。

  4. D 医院担心父母一离开,孩子会十分不安,所以干脆不让父母和孩子见面。

  5. B Pamela 的研究使儿科护理的面貌发生了改变 职称英语考试。

  6. C 前面提到Pamela 是一位护士。

  7. A 英语里表示“在什么背景下”用“against the background of”这一搭配。

  8. B 此处显然指允许父母到医院探望孩子的时间。

  9. D 前面已经提到去医院探望孩子。

  10. C 本句意思是,如果父母干脆就不来医院探望孩子会发生的情况。

  11. A 英语里表示“放弃”用give up 这一搭配。

  12. C 前面已提到,如果父母干脆不来医院探望他们,生病的孩子们会感到沮丧的。

  13. A 此处应指Pamela 所作的研究工作。

  14. B “the days”表示“时代”

  15. D 此处的“are afforded”等于“are given”,表示“提供”


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