高中英语语法(7)die/dead/dying/death

来源: 佚名 2015-04-29

“死”法不同

  [高手出招]

  ( 1 ) The old woman __________ten years ago.

  ( 2 ) She was working on the day of her_______________.

  ( 3 ) I think the sick man is____________.

  ( 4 ) He has been ____________for three years.

  [一语击破]

  die 是表示短暂性动作的动词,意为“死亡”、“断气”,指生命的结束,强调动作。如:

  The girl's grandpa died five years ago.

  注意: die 不可和一段时间的状语连用。

  (误) He has died for two years.

  (正) he has been dead for two years.

  dead 是形容词,意为“死的”,通常和 be 动词连用,表示死的状态。如:

  Her father has been dead for one year.

  dying 是 die 的现在分词,常用作形容词,意思是“要死的”、“濒临死亡的”。如:

  The old man is dying.

  death 是 die 的名词形式,意为“死、死亡”。如:

  It makes me very sad when I think of my grandpa's death.

  Keys: ( 1 ) died ( 2 ) death ( 3 ) dying ( 4 ) dead

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